Internet Connections

Internet Connection Types Explained

Photograph by Michael Smith for Getty Images When it comes to shopping for internet services, things may become complicated quickly – especially if you are unfamiliar with the many technologies that are utilized to bring the connection to your house. Fiber, fixed wireless, cable, DSL, satellite, and 5G home internet plans are just a few of the many options available. If you don’t understand the differences between them, you could end up with a connection that isn’t as fast or reliable as you would have liked, or that isn’t as affordable as you would have liked, or both.

As you go through this book, you will learn about the many types of internet connections that may be available in your region, how they function, and what, if any, limits you may anticipate from them.

Fiber-optic internet: Fast and reliable, but availability is limited

We’ll start with fiber-optic internet because it’s undoubtedly the most reliable connection type. Fiber, as the name implies, refers to an internet connection that is delivered to your house using fiber-optic cable. Fiber-optic cable transmits data by sending pulses of light along thin strands – or fibers – of glass or plastic to carry information. These fiber-optic strands provide speeds and dependability that are far greater to those provided by other forms of connections. Even though fiber-optic technology can deliver download speeds of up to 2 gigabits per second (2,000 megabits per second), which is fast enough to download a two-hour movie in high definition in less than a minute, most fiber-optic service providers will only offer maximum download speeds of around 1,000Mbps at best.

The only major downside of fiber is that it is not always readily available.

Therefore, according to the Federal Communications Commission, fiber internet is only available to around 45 percent of US households, with the majority of them being located in metropolitan areas.

Therefore, fiber internet is now expected to be priced on par with any other connection type – and given the speeds you receive for the price, it’s actually one of the most cost-effective internet connections available today.

Notable fiber internet providers

  • AT&T, CenturyLink, Frontier FiberOptic, Google Fiber, Verizon Fios, and Ziply Fiber are some of the providers.

In the same way that traditional cable TV gives a connection to your house, cable internet delivers a connection to your home through copper coaxial cable. Taylor Martin is a contributor to CNET.

Cable internet: Fast and readily available, your standard connection

Although cable internet service may not have the full speed potential and stability of fiber-optic connection, it is far more widely available and affordable. Cable internet connections are one of the most prevalent forms of internet connections accessible in the United States, with about 90 percent of the population having access to it. Cable internet connections are frequently found packaged with home phone service and television packages. That makes sense since cable internet uses the same coaxial connections as cable television, which is why it makes sense.

The majority of cable companies provide a choice of speed options, including a gigabit package with download rates of around 940 megabytes per second (Mbps).

It is also possible to have concerns about speed dependability when using cable internet, because coaxial cables are subject to network congestion and slower speeds, particularly during high usage times.

A broadband connection from companies such as Cox, Mediacom, and Xfinity may be had for less than $30 per month on average. With a starting price of roughly $50 per month for Spectrum, another well-known name in cable internet, you can get up to 200Mbps download speeds at the highest speed possible.

Notable cable internet providers

  • In comparison to fiber-optic internet, cable internet has a lower speed potential and less dependability, but it is more widely available. You’ll commonly find cable internet service combined with other services such as home phone service and television packages. Cable internet is one of the most widespread forms of Internet connection, with about 90 percent of the US population having access to it. The reason for this is that cable internet uses the same coaxial connections as cable television, which makes sense. The speed potential and dependability of coaxial cables are not on par with that of fiber-optic cables, but cable internet is still one of the fastest internet connections available today. In addition to a number of speed options, most cable companies also offer a gigabit package with download rates of up to 940Mbps. Although upload rates are often faster than download speeds, only a few providers provide upload speeds more than 50 megabits per second. Because coaxial cables are subject to network congestion and reduced speeds, especially during high usage periods, dependability of speed can also be an issue with cable internet services. Although cable internet cost varies significantly amongst service providers, cable is generally considered to be one of the more economical internet connection choices. It is possible to obtain a broadband connection from companies such as Cox, Mediacom, and Xfinity for less than $30 a month. With a starting price of roughly $50 per month for Spectrum, another well-known name in cable internet, you can get up to 200Mbps download speeds at the highest end of the spectrum.

An incoming 5G signal is received by this portable Netgear Nighthawk mobile router, which then broadcasts it out as a Wi-Fi network that your surrounding devices may use in order to go online. Because it is wired to a specialized Wi-Fi router, the connection may be extended across a larger region. Netgear

Mobile internet: On the rise with 5G

As technology advances and speeds grow – particularly with the introduction of 5G – mobile internet connections are becoming more feasible for usage at home, where they previously were not. While a mobile phone provider like AT T, T-Mobile, or Verizon may send signals in all directions, the majority of which are picked up by smartphones, in the case of home internet, a router can receive those signals and convert them into what is known as a home connection. As long as you live in a city or another place with a robust mobile infrastructure, it is possible to connect through 5G, with carriers such as Verizon providing rates of up to 1 gigabit per second (Mbps).

When looking for mobile internet for home usage, it’s likely that you’ll just have one plan choice accessible to you, which will be a fixed charge for whatever speeds are available at your location.

Notable cellular internet providers

DSL is an abbreviation for digital subscriber line, and it is frequently offered in places where cable or fiber internet service is not available. DSL is a type of internet connection that uses your phone lines to connect to the internet. DSL, as contrast to dial-up, does not need you to worry about an incoming call interfering with your internet connection. Instead, you may use your internet without worrying about an incoming call interfering with your connection. The greatest option for folks living in rural areas who want a dependable and economical internet connection is DSL internet.

Because DSL makes use of existing phone lines to offer service, companies are able to keep pricing as low as possible.

Notable DSL internet providers

  • AT&T, CenturyLink, Verizon, Frontier Communications, and Windstream are just a few examples.

When you use satellite internet, your connection is provided by radio-equipped satellites orbiting the Earth’s surface. To get the broadcast, you’ll need a satellite dish. CNET photo by Eric Mack

Satellite internet: Slow and expensive, but possibly the only option

Satellite internet is the most widely available sort of internet since it does not rely on ground-based infrastructure such as cables, cellular towers, or direct line-of-sight antenna connections to function, as does traditional internet. Instead, you’ll make use of an unique dish to establish a connection with geostationary satellites that orbit high above the Earth. Providing you have a clean view of the southern sky, there’s a very strong possibility that there’s a satellite operator in your area that can offer an internet connection to your house via satellite.

  1. It’s best suited for people who live in remote locations with limited access to alternative options, especially because poor weather and other impediments may interfere with your service in ways that you are unable to predict or manage.
  2. Consequently, it is a perfect solution for smaller homes looking to stream video, surf the internet, and update their social media accounts.
  3. As a result, the signal does not have to travel as far, resulting in a reduction in latency, also known as lag.
  4. It is possible that increased competition in the satellite internet market may result in lower prices for consumers.

For poor speeds (25Mbps maximum) and limited data usage, satellite internet plans begin in the $50 per month area as a starting point. Depending on how much data you need and how fast you want it, satellite internet may cost as much as $150 to $200 per month.

Notable satellite internet providers

Fixed wireless internet access is another alternative for those living in remote areas. Permanent wireless internet is similar to satellite internet in that it involves the installation of a fixed receiver or antenna, although it is likely to be considerably smaller than a satellite dish. The antenna receives a signal broadcast from a nearby wireless hub and uses it to establish a connection to the internet. Fixed wireless connections are the most effective option for places that lack the infrastructure required for DSL.

  1. If there are hills, trees, buildings, or other obstructions in your path, your fixed wireless internet connection may be hampered or perhaps disrupted entirely.
  2. Having said that, several providers have generous data caps when compared to satellite internet service.
  3. Despite the fact that fixed wireless has traditionally been a rural internet connection option, the connection type is fast spreading in metro regions as a result of the efforts of companies such as Google Fiber and Starry Internet.
  4. Because of their capabilities, these carriers can supply rates that are several times faster than standard fixed wireless service, with gigabit speeds possible in some places.

Notable fixed wireless internet providers

  • The AT&T network, Google Fiber Webpass, Rise Broadband, Etheric Networks, Starry Internet, and Unwired Broadband are all examples of high-speed Internet providers.

A Smart Home and Appliances Guide from CNET CNET provides smart home reviews and ratings, as well as video reviews, purchasing advice, pricing, and comparisons for various smart home products.

Finding the right internet plan for you

So, which type of internet connection is the best fit for your needs? It is dependent on a number of things. The first thing to consider is your regular usage patterns, as well as how much speed you actually require. Even if you only intend to use your internet connection to browse the web and check email, you can get by with a slower connection. However, smaller households with users who stream videos online, play games online, and upload files for work or school will benefit from having download speeds of at least 25Mbps.

Some providersbundle their various services to offer you a discount, but be aware that the special pricing could not persist as long as the service term.

In the end, the most important component is almost certainly out of your control, and that is your geographical location.

Understanding the many technologies in play can help you know what to expect before you commit to any of the options that are accessible to you, regardless of which ones you choose.

More internet advice

  • Do you want to work from home? Here’s how to make sure your Wi-Fi is operating at peak performance: I signed up for T-unlimited Mobile’s home internet subscription, which provides unlimited data. What occurred was as follows: Check my internet connection speed: One simple approach to determine if your connection is as sluggish as it appears to be

Fix internet connection problems on Android devices

In the event that you are unable to connect to the Internet on your Android smartphone, whether through an app or a website, follow these troubleshooting procedures.

Signs of a bad connection

  • Using these troubleshooting procedures, you should be able to connect to the Internet on your Android smartphone via an app or a website.
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General troubleshooting tips for Android devices

  1. Restart your device if it hasn’t already. It may seem insignificant, but it is sometimes all that is required to repair a faulty connection. Try switching between Wi-Fi and mobile data instead if restarting does not work:
  • Open your Settings app and selectNetworkinternetorConnections from the drop-down menu. There may be variations in these settings depending on your device
  • Turn off Wi-Fi and turn on mobile data to see if there is a change in performance. If this is the case, switch off mobile data and turn on Wi-Fi and try again.

Troubleshooting mobile data issues

Check that mobile data is turned on and you have a data connection

  1. Open your Settings app and choose Networkinternetor ConnectionsMobile dataorCellular data from the drop-down menu.
  • Depending on your device, you may need to first selectData use before you can locate this option.
  1. Turn on your mobile data or cellular data. It’s best to turn it off and on again if it’s already on. In the upper right corner of the screen, look to see whether there is a data indicator such as 2G, 3G, 4G, or H next to the signal strength bars. If you have an active Wi-Fi connection, this may not always appear to be the case. To determine if this is the case, switch off your WiFi and check again

Activate the Mobile data or Cellular data option. It’s best to switch it off and on again if it’s already running. As a last check, make sure there is a data indicator next to the signal strength bars at the top of the screen that says something like “2G,” “3G,” “4G,” or “H.” When you have an active Wi-Fi connection, this may not always appear to be the case. Then switch off your Wi-Fi and recheck your connection.

Turnairplane mode on and off

  1. Turn on the mobile data or cellular data. It is necessary to switch it off and on again if it is already turned on. Check to see whether there is a data indication next to the signal strength bars at the top of the screen, such as 2G, 3G, 4G, or H
  2. Even if you have an active Wi-Fi connection, this may not always appear to be the case. If this is the case, switch off your Wi-Fi and try again.

Please contact your mobile service provider if you are still experiencing difficulties after following these procedures. Troubleshooting Wi-Fi issues

Check that Wi-Fi is turned on and you’re connected

Alternatively, if you are connecting to Wi-Fi at home, see the user handbook for information on how to reset your router. Frequently, you will be able to:

  1. Take care to ensure that all lights on the router are turned off before unplugging it from the electrical socket. Wait 30 seconds before continuing. To restore service, reconnect the router and wait 30 seconds for all of the lights to turn back on.

If you are still experiencing connectivity problems after completing these steps, contact your internet service provider or the network administrator who set up the Wi-Fi network. Was this information useful? What can we do to make it better?

How to check on your Internet connection

Speedtest may be used to check your Internet connection. If there is anyone on the face of the earth who hasn’t had problems with their Internet connection at some point in their life, I’m not aware of who they are. In the event that you’re experiencing problems with your network connection, here are some basic ways to help you figure out what’s wrong with your connection and maybe even fix it. Verify your local network’s functionality. First and foremost, if your Internet connection is as dead as a doornail, you should inspect your network cabling for problems.

  • This isn’t only for those that use Cat-5 cable to connect their networks together; it’s for everyone.
  • In fact, one of my all-time best network failures occurred when a friend called to report a dead network connection.
  • It is always best to start with the most straightforward solutions.
  • If your device is truly attempting to connect to your neighbor’s AP, you will not be able to connect to the network.
  • Frequently, I’ve witnessed folks become agitated for several hours before realizing that they hadn’t used a certain laptop in a couple of weeks and that they’d changed their password in the meanwhile.
  • Check all of the fundamentals once more.
  • I’m sure I’ve done it!

Check to verify whether you are able to connect to your wireless AP.

If you’re able to access to it, it’s finally time to stop looking for problems with your local area network (LAN) and start looking at your Internet connection directly.

The next step is to check out your Internet connection to see what’s going on.

Unplug your cable modem or DSL modem, or whatever you’re using, wait for half a minute, and then reconnect it.

Then, if you’re still unable to connect to the internet, you might as well grit your teeth and call your Internet service provider.

Take, for example, the fact that not just you, but the entire neighborhood is experiencing difficulties because a backhoe damaged a cable.

No!

It’s something I’ve witnessed firsthand!

Here’s what you’re supposed to do.

Speedtest is the most reliable website for determining your current real-time speed.

It is strongly recommended that you use these products if you want to know what is actually going on with your local area network (LAN), wide-area network (WAN), or virtual private network (VPN).

It will tell you what your ping is—the amount of time it takes a single packet from your network to reach a host site—as well as your download and upload speeds on the Speedtest website.

So let’s assume it’s not going to be as quick as you were told.

When it comes to bandwidth, Internet service providers (ISPs) frequently overpromise and underdeliver.

This is due to the fact that ping and bandwidth only reveal a portion of the story.

Pingtest.net is a website that may be used to check for these issues.

A respectable performance on the Pingtest The term “packet loss” refers to exactly what it sounds like.

and they aren’t going there any time soon.

Because of the nature of the Internet, you will almost always experience some packet loss.

Any packet loss, on the other hand, might be quite uncomfortable while you’re video conferencing, making Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) conversations, or playing real-time online games such as World of Warcraft.

It is the difference in the delays experienced by computers when communicating over a network that is known as Jitter, or more accurately Packet Delay Variation.

In a nutshell, the greater the amount of jitter present, the less reliable your connection.

However, with excessive jitter, video, VoIP, and games will begin to behave improperly once again.

If the packet loss or jitter appears to be coming from inside your own network, verify your connections once more.

Any faults that are discovered by the Measurement Lab, according to the lab, are “prescribed correction steps with instructions that are suited for non-experts.” That is not entirely correct.

Even if you are not a network expert, it is worthwhile to give it a shot.

It’s time to bring in a network professional to locate and correct the problem.

If you are familiar with a network, you may be able to locate the source of the problem on your own with the use of tools like WireShark.

Check your internet connection one more time.

Then give it another shot.

Continue by connecting your testing computer directly to your modem and retrying the test.

That means it’s time to hire a network specialist or go on to more advanced levels of network troubleshooting than what I’ll be presenting here today.

There are a number of additional considerations to consider as well.

Take, for example, the fact that you’re downloading a movie from aBitTorrentsite or viewing a Netflixvideo, which both consume significant amounts of bandwidth.

On weekday evenings, for example, most Internet service providers are experiencing congestion as a result of the growth of Netflix on the Internet.

Using the Pathload2 bandwidth application from Measurement Lab, you may determine whether or not your connection is indeed capable of delivering the speed that has been advertised to you.

However, it’s possible that something else is interfering with your ability to move quickly.

ISPs, particularly those in the United States, are restricting your bandwidth.

According to Glenn Fleishman, a networking specialist and journalist, “more than half of U.S.

Yack!

If you divide that number by 0.05, you get 50 million emails, 62,500 music downloads, or 125 standard-definition (SD) movies (at 2 GB each movie).

Each Internet service provider handles this in a unique way.

Others, such as Comcast, which has a monthly data restriction of 250 GB, will send you a warning the first time you exceed your limit, and then they can cancel your subscription if you do so again within a certain period of time.

An excellent DiffProbe result Use the ShaperProbe aka DIffProbe test to determine if this is occurring in your situation.

Unfortunately, there is no Windows 7 version available at this time.

The Glasnost tests must be performed in order to determine whether or not this is the case with you.

It is possible to determine whether your ISP is slowing or banning email, HTTP or SSH transmission, Flash video, and peer-to-peer applications such as BitTorrent, iMule, and Gnutella at the present time with this tool.

If it turns out that your difficulty has been caused by your ISP placing you on a tight bandwidth diet or interfering with your usage of an Internet service that you rely on on a regular basis, it’s time to switch to a different ISP.

Wishing you the best of luck!

The results of the World IPv6 Day survey SPDY is a Google initiative that speeds up the web. Netflix is more popular than cable television. Is your business too large for the Internet?

Types of Broadband Connections

High-speed Internet connection that is always available and far quicker than typical dial-up access is referred to as broadband in most cases. Many high-speed transmission systems, such as the following, are included in broadband:

  • The following technologies are available: Digital Subscriber Line (DSL), Cable Modem, Fiber, Wireless, Satellite, and Broadband over Powerlines (BPL).

It will be necessary to consider a number of things before deciding on a broadband technology. You could be concerned about things like whether you live in an urban or rural region, how broadband Internet connection is packaged with other services (such as voice telephone and home entertainment), the price, and whether or not the service is available.

Digital Subscriber Line (DSL)

DSL (Digital Subscriber Line) is a wireline transmission technology that delivers data more quickly over standard copper telephone lines that are already in place in homes and offices. Transmission rates ranging from several hundred Kbps to millions of bits per second are possible with DSL-based broadband connections (Mbps). In certain cases, your DSL service’s availability and speed may be affected by the distance between your house or business and the nearest telephone company facility. The following are the many types of DSL transmission technology available:

  • Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)– This type of connection is generally used by household users, such as Internet surfers, who receive a large amount of data but do not give much in return. When compared to other types of Internet connections, ADSL is typically faster in the downstream direction. Rapid downstream data transfer over the same line that is used to offer voice service is made possible by ADSL, which does not interfere with ordinary telephone conversations made over that line. SDSL (Symmetrical Digital Subscriber Line)– A type of digital subscriber line (DSL) that is frequently used by enterprises for services such as video conferencing, which need large capacity both upstream and downstream

The following are examples of faster DSL services that are commonly provided to businesses:

  • HDSL (high data rate digital subscriber line) and VDSL (very high data rate digital subscriber line) are two types of digital subscriber lines.
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Cable Modem

By utilizing the same coaxial wires that are used to provide pictures and sound to your television set, cable operators may provide internet service to their customers as well. The majority of cable modems are external devices with two connections: one to a cable wall socket and another to a computer or other device. They are capable of transmitting data at rates of 1.5 megabits per second or more. Subscribers may access their cable modem connection by just turning on their laptops, rather than phoning up an Internet service provider.

Transmission speeds vary based on the type of cable modem used, the cable network used, and the amount of data being transmitted.

Fiber

  • A technique known as fiber optics turns electrical impulses conveying data into light, which is then transmitted via clear glass fibers with a diameter about equal to that of a human hair. When compared to current DSL or cable modem rates, fiber transfers data at speeds that are tens or even hundreds of megabits per second (Mbps). Several factors influence the actual speed you receive, including how near the service provider connects the fiber to your computer and how it configures the service, which may include the amount of bandwidth used by the service provider. Using the same fiber optic cable that delivers your broadband, you may also get voice (VoIP) and video services, including video-on-demand services
  • Telecommunications operators occasionally provide fiber broadband in restricted regions and have declared intentions to extend their fiber networks and offer combined voice, Internet access, and video services
  • Nevertheless, fiber broadband is not always available. There are several variations of the technology, including running the fiber to a point outside the customer’s house or company, to the curb outside, or to a place anywhere in between the provider’s facilities and the client

Wireless

  • Wireless broadband is a method of connecting a house or company to the Internet that relies on a radio link between the customer’s location and the service provider’s facilities to accomplish this. Wireless broadband can be either mobile or fixed
  • Wireless technologies that use longer-range directional equipment to provide broadband service in rural or sparsely inhabited locations where DSL or cable modem service would be too expensive to deliver are used to provide broadband service. In general, the speeds are equivalent to those of DSL and cable modem. In most cases, an external antenna is required. When delivered via fixed networks, wireless broadband Internet access services allow customers to access the Internet from a fixed location while remaining stationary. These services frequently need a direct line of sight between the wireless transmitter and receiver. These services have been made available through the use of both licensed spectrum and unlicensed equipment. As an example, thousands of small Wireless Internet Service Providers (WISPs) provide such wireless broadband at speeds of around one megabit per second (Mbps) using unlicensed devices, often in rural areas that are not served by cable or wireline broadband networks
  • Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs) provide wireless broadband access over shorter distances and are often used to extend the reach of a “last-mile” wireline or fixed wireless broadband connection within a home, building, or campus environment
  • Mobile wireless broadband services are also becoming available from mobile telephone service providers and other service providers. Wi-Fi networks use unlicensed devices and can be designed for private Internet access within a home or business, or be used for public Internet access at “hot spots” such as restaurants, coffee shops, hotels, airports, convention centers, and city parks. These services are often suited for clients who are on the go a lot, and they necessitate the usage of a specific PC card with an integrated antenna that is installed in the user’s laptop computer. In general, they offer slower rates, often in the range of several hundred kilobits per second (Kbps).

Satellite

Wireless broadband is a method of connecting a house or company to the Internet that relies on a radio link between the customer’s location and the service provider’s facilities to transmit data. Depending on the technology used, wireless broadband can be either mobile or fixed. Wireless technologies that use longer-range directional equipment can provide broadband service in rural or sparsely inhabited locations where DSL or cable modem service would be prohibitively expensive to provide. In general, the speeds are equivalent to those of DSL and cable modem service providers.

When delivered via fixed networks, wireless broadband Internet access services enable customers to access the Internet from a fixed location while remaining stationary.

It has proven possible to provide these services through the use of both licensed and unlicensed airwaves.

Wi-Fi networks use unlicensed devices and can be designed for private Internet access within a home or business, or be used for public Internet access at “hot spots” such as restaurants, coffee shops, hotels, airports, convention centers, and city parks; Most of these services are suited for consumers who are always on the move.

A specific PC card with an integrated antenna is required, which must be plugged into the user’s laptop computer to make use of these services. In general, they offer slower speeds, often in the range of several hundred kilobits per second (kbps).

Broadband over Powerline (BPL)

Broadband over existing low- and medium-voltage electric power distribution networks (BPL) is the delivery of broadband services. The speeds of BPL are equivalent to those of DSL and cable modems. BPL may be delivered to houses through the use of existing electrical connections and outlet locations. BPL is a new technology that is currently only available in a few select locations. It has significant potential because power lines are installed virtually everywhere, removing the need to construct new broadband infrastructure for each customer, which would otherwise be required.

Different Types of Internet Connections

Broadband over existing low- and medium-voltage electric power distribution networks (BPL) is the transmission of high-speed Internet access. When compared to DSL and cable modem speeds, BPL is a close second. Using existing electrical connections and outlets, BPL may be delivered to residences. In the early stages of its development, BPL is only offered in a few select locations. Due to the widespread installation of electricity lines, it offers tremendous potential to reduce the requirement to construct new broadband infrastructure for each individual consumer.

Computer Basics: Connecting to the Internet

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How do I connect to the Internet?

Once you’ve completed the setup of your computer, you may want to consider purchasing home Internet access, which will allow you to send and receive email, surf the Web, stream films, and perform other tasks. You may even wish to set up a home wireless network, often known asWi-Fi, so that you may connect many devices to the Internet at the same time, which will save you time. Watch the video below to learn more about how to connect to the Internet on your computer. Trying to track down an older version of this video?

Types of Internet service

The sort of Internet service you select will be heavily influenced by the number of Internet service providers (ISPs) that serve your region, as well as the types of services they provide. The following are some of the most frequent forms of Internet service.

  • You should avoid using dial-up connections unless it is the only service available in your region. Dial-up connections are normally the slowest sort of Internet connection, and you should avoid using them unless they are the only service available in your area. Due to the fact that dial-up Internet makes use of your phone line, you will not be able to use both your landline and the Internet at the same time unless you have several phone lines. DSL (Digital Subscriber Line): DSL service takes advantage of an international band connection, which makes it significantly quicker than dial-up. DSL connects to the Internet through a phone line, but it does not necessitate the use of a landline at your residence. Furthermore, unlike dial-up, you will be able to utilize both the Internet and your phone line at the same time
  • And You do not absolutely need to have cable TV to receive cable service because it connects to the Internet through it. Satellite: Satellite service connects to the Internet using satellite dishes that are placed in your home. It makes use of a broadband connection and may be significantly quicker than both dial-up and DSL service
  • However, it is only accessible in areas where cable television is offered. Satellite: A satellite connection connects to the Internet using satellites circling the Earth, which uses broadband but does not require cable or phone lines. Satellite connections are more expensive than cable or phone lines, but they are more reliable. This allows it to be utilized practically anywhere in the world, albeit the connection may be hindered by weather patterns. In addition, satellite connections are typically slower than DSL or cable connections. 3G and 4G: 3G and 4G service is most widely used with mobile phones, and it connects wirelessly over your ISP’s network to provide high-speed data transmission. These sorts of connections, on the other hand, are not necessarily as fast as DSL or cable. The quantity of data you may use each month will be limited as well, which is not the case with the majority of internet plans.

Choosing an Internet service provider

Now that you’ve learned about the various forms of Internet service, you may conduct some research to find out which Internet service providers (ISPs) are accessible in your region. If you’re having problems getting started, we recommend that you speak with friends, family members, and neighbors about the Internet service providers they have used previously. The sorts of Internet service that are accessible in your location will typically be clear from this information, so take use of it whenever possible.

If you only intend to use the Internet for email and social networking, a slower connection (often between 2 and 5 Mbps) may be sufficient for your needs.

You’ll also want to think about the cost of the service, which will include installation costs as well as monthly expenses.

Despite the fact that dial-up has typically been the least priced choice, several Internet service providers have boosted their dial-up costs to be on par with broadband.

This is meant to persuade consumers to make the move to high-speed Internet access. However, unless it is your sole alternative, we do not advocate dial-up Internet.

Hardware needed

Once you have your computer, you won’t want much further gear in order to connect to the Internet on your computer. Amodem is the most important piece of gear you’ll need. The sort of modem you require will be determined by the type of Internet connection you pick. Dial-up access is provided by a telephone modem, DSL service is provided by a DSL modem, cable access is provided by a cable modem, and satellite service is provided by a satellite adapter. When you sign a contract with your ISP, they may provide you with a modem (typically for a cost), which helps guarantee that you have the correct sort of modem.

Router

A router is a piece of hardware that allows you to connect several computers and other devices to a single Internet connection, which is referred to as a home network in this context. Many routers are wireless, which allows you to set up a home wireless network, often known as aWi-Fi network, without the need for a separate modem. You are not need to purchase a router in order to connect to the Internet. Using an Ethernet cable, you may connect your computer directly to your modem, eliminating the need for a router.

Setting up your Internet connection

Once you’ve decided on an Internet service provider, the majority of them will send a technician to your home to switch on the connection. If not, you should be able to set up your Internet connection using the instructions supplied by your Internet service provider (or included with the modem). After you’ve completed the necessary setup, you may launch your web browser and begin browsing the Internet. If you are experiencing technical difficulties with your Internet connection, you can contact the technical support number provided by your ISP.

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Home networking

If you have many computers at home and want to utilize all of them to access the Internet, you may want to construct ahome network, often known asaWi-Fi network. The router, which is connected to the modem, is the hub of a home network, where all of your devices are connected. This implies that everyone in your family will be able to use the Internet at once. When your Internet service is installed, your ISP technician may be able to help you set up a Wi-Fi network in your house. Instead, you may examine our lesson on How to Set Up a Wi-Fi Networkto understand more about the process.

13 Tips to Troubleshoot Your Internet Connection

Because of the growth of smart home gadgets, online gaming platforms, and video-streaming services, keeping a reliable internet connection is more crucial than ever to stay connected online. If you’re suffering latency when playing League of Legends, or if downloading music is taking an inordinate amount of time, there’s a strong likelihood the problem is on your end rather than with your internet service provider’s network (ISP).

Check out our troubleshooting techniques for your internet connection before calling your cable company to schedule a service appointment.

1. Try Another Device or Website

Begin with the obvious: is the problem limited to a single device or does it affect all of your devices? Whether your computer is experiencing difficulties, check to see if your tablet or another person’s laptop can connect to the internet. It is possible to securely restrict the problem down to a single device if the problem only occurs on that particular device. If a certain website is not loading properly, try another one. If you are able to access other websites without difficulty, it is probable that the problem is with the website you are attempting to access, and you will have to wait for them to resolve the situation on their end.

If there is no reported outage, it is possible that a problem with your browser’s cache is causing the problem.

Also, make sure your browser’s cache and cookies are cleared.

2. Check the Wi-Fi Settings

In Windows, look for the Wi-Fi signal icon in the bottom-right corner, and in macOS, look for the signal symbol in the top-right corner. Check that you are connecting to the correct SSID and that you are using the correct password by clicking on the symbol. If this is not the case, it is possible that you are connected to the incorrect network by default. Users of Windows can adjust the priority of their connections or right-click a network and selectForget. On a Mac, go to System PreferencesNetworkAdvanced and uncheck any unneeded networks in the Auto-Join column under the Joined Networks heading.

To perform the Windows Network Diagnostic process, right-click on the network icon in your system tray and selectTroubleshoot issues from the context menu.

You may also check the network adapter settings in the Control Panel, under Network and Sharing Center, to ensure that the adapter is utilizing the correct gateway address and other settings, and that the device is properly configured.

3. Check Your Internet Package

If your internet is operational, but it is operating at a slower rate than expected, visit a site like asSpeedtest.net and do a speed test. You’ll be given a value in megabits per second that represents the real speed at which your machine is operating. From there, go to the website of your Internet service provider and check your bill. Generally, if the number on your bill matches the number on your speed test, you are receiving the speeds that you have paid for.

If that’s too sluggish for you, you’ll need to upgrade to something more powerful. If your speed test results in a much slower speed than the speed you pay for, you are most likely experiencing connectivity issues and should continue with troubleshooting.

4. Scan for Viruses

AVG AntiVirus for Mac is an antivirus program that protects your computer from viruses and malware. When you have malicious code installed on your computer, it is possible that your internet connection will be compromised. Perform a scan for spyware, viruses, and malware, all of which can have a substantial influence on the speed with which you can browse the web and the general functionality of your computer. Windows comes with Windows Defender pre-installed, which is capable of doing the necessary tasks, but there are a variety of free and paid programs available as well.

5. Bypass Your DNS Server

When you enter the URL of a website into your browser, your computer uses a Domain Name System (DNS) server to find up the IP address of the website you entered. On rare occasions, these servers might have issues, making it impossible to access websites with user-friendly domain names, which can be frustrating (like PCMag.com). It’s the equivalent of having a functional phone but no contact list: you have the capacity to call individuals but don’t know who they are or what their phone number is.

However, if the website loads successfully, you’ll need to either update your DNS server, or even clear out your DNS cache, to resolve your issues.

6. Decode the Blinking Lights

If you are unable to connect to the internet at all, you should check your modem and router for problems. Both devices should have a few LED status indicators; if none of them are illuminated, it is likely that the modem or router has been disconnected or turned off. Turn off all of your devices, including your modem and router (if you have both), and then reconnect the modem after a minute or two. Check to see that the power switch, if there is one, is set to the “On” position before proceeding.

You may have a bad power adapter, a faulty power strip, or a fried router if you are still not seeing lights after connecting them in.

In some cases, if your modem’s lights are flashing rather than solid, it may indicate that it is unable to establish an internet connection, and a new modem will be required (or a call to your ISP).

Check the paperwork that came with your modem and/or router to figure out what these lights are telling you about your connection.

7. Who Else Is Using the Internet?

Even if everything is operating properly, it’s conceivable that an application on your computer—or someone else in the house—is consuming all of your available bandwidth. On Windows, launch the Task Manager by pressing the keys Ctrl + Shift + Esc, and then click on theNetworkcolumn to sort the results by network use. For Mac users, hit Command + Space to activate Spotlight, type “Activity Monitor,” then navigate to the Network tab of Activity Monitor. If a particular program is consuming a significant amount of bandwidth—for example, if you’re downloading a large file—you may only need to wait until the operation is complete or terminate it in order to restore your internet’s responsiveness.

If someone is utilizing a gaming streaming service, do not allow them to consume all of the available network bandwidth.

Additionally, there is always the possibility that a neighbor is stealing your Wi-Fi. We provide detailed instructions on how to identify who is connected to your network and how to remove them from it.

8. Get a Better Signal

Google Nest Wi-Fi is a device that provides wireless Internet access. If you’re connecting over Wi-Fi, there are a variety of issues that might cause your connection to slow down. Connecting your PC directly to the router with an Ethernet connection may be a better option. If this resolves the issue, it means that your Wi-Fi signal is insufficient to prevent your internet speed from being degraded. Take a look at the Wi-Fi symbol on your computer and see how many bars it has. If your Wi-Fi signal is weak, you may need to relocate your router to a more central area in your home or purchase a Wi-Fi extender to improve your signal.

If you’re looking for additional tips on how to improve Wi-Fi reception, check out our guide to enhancing your Wi-Fi signal.

9. Update Your Firmware

Embedded software that runs your modem, router, and other network devices at the lowest level is referred to as firmware. The majority of suppliers provide downloadable firmware upgrades that may be used to repair performance issues, introduce new features, and boost overall speed and performance. The firmware update tool can be found in the System part of your router’s configuration settings. Make sure you read and follow the instructions carefully to verify that you are installing the right firmware version.

10. Wipe Your Settings Clean

If restarting your router doesn’t solve your problem, it’s conceivable that a certain configuration is the source of your problem. If everything else fails, try resetting your router to its factory default settings. This is accomplished by pressing and holding down a very small reset button on the router’s rear panel for many seconds until the LED lights begin blinking, which is standard procedure. After it has been reset, you may log into the online interface and start over from the beginning.

11. Upgrade to a Faster Router

In the case of an older 802.11b or 802.11g router, you may want to consider upgrading to a newer, more powerful one, particularly if you have a large number of PCs, smartphones, and other devices competing for bandwidth. A dual-band router provides you with two radio bands from which to pick and allows you to allocate one radio band to clients who demand a lot of bandwidth, such as streaming video devices and gaming consoles, and the other radio band to other customers. Furthermore, modern routers make use of the most up-to-date technology to give faster throughput while also extending the range of their Wi-Fi signal.

WiFi 6E is the improved version of the 802.11ax router standard, which is also known as Wi-Fi 6 and is the most recent version of the 802.11ax router standard. Whenever you’re ready to make the leap, take a look at our roundup of the finest wireless routers.

12. Head to the Source

In the case of an older 802.11b or 802.11g router, you may want to consider upgrading to a newer, more powerful one, especially if you have a large number of PCs, smartphones, and other devices competing for bandwidth. When you use a dual-band router, you have the option of choosing between two radio bands, and you may dedicate one of the radio bands to clients who demand a lot of bandwidth, such as streaming video devices and game consoles. Furthermore, modern routers make use of the most up-to-date technology to give faster throughput while also extending the range of their Wi-Fi signal.

If you’re ready to make the switch, have a look at our selection of the best wireless routers.

13. Last Resort: Dial Up Your ISP

If you’ve tried everything and are still having problems with your internet connection, it’s time to contact your service provider for assistance. The problem might be on their end, and may require a new connection at the pole going into your property or new equipment, such as a stronger modem or an amplifier. If you’re experiencing slowdowns at specific times of the day (for example, after-school hours), it’s possible that your Internet service provider is simply unable to handle the increased user load, in which case you may want to consider switching to another service.

Downdetector and Speedtest.net are owned by Ookla, a part of PCMag’s parent firm Ziff Davis, which is disclosing this information.

, first published at: 2021-09-30T21:30:40.000000Z, published at: 2022-01-18T21:20:02.000000Z, last published at: 2022-01-18T21:19:32.000000Z, created at:null, updated at: 2022-01-18T21:20:02.000000Z, first published at: 2021-09-30T21:30:40.000000Z, first published at: 2021

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