SAMHSA’s National Helpline
- What Is Substance Abuse Treatment and How Does It Work? A Booklet for Children and Their Families This program was developed for family members of those who suffer from alcoholism or drug addiction difficulties. Questions regarding substance abuse, including its symptoms, different forms of therapy, and rehabilitation are addressed in this section. This publication addresses the issues of children whose parents have drug misuse or addiction disorders. Addiction to alcohol and drugs may occur in even the most loving of families. This book describes how alcohol and drug addiction have an impact on the entire family. He describes the process of drug and alcohol addiction therapy, how family interventions may be a first step toward recovery, and how to assist children in homes afflicted by alcoholism and drug misuse. It’s Not Your Fault (National Association of Colleges and Employers) (PDF | 12 KB) Assures kids who have parents who misuse alcohol or drugs that “It’s not your fault!” and that they are not alone in their struggles with substance addiction. A resource list is provided, which encourages kids to seek emotional assistance from other adults, school counselors, and youth support organizations such as Alateen, among other places. It Hurts So Much: It Doesn’t Have to Be This Way The organization provides information on alcohol and drug addiction to youngsters whose parents or friends’ parents may be struggling with substance misuse issues. The author encourages young people to look out for one another by talking about their problems and joining support organizations such as Alateen. When There Has Been an Attempt: A Guide to Taking Care of a Family Member Once you have received treatment in the emergency department, Aids family members in dealing with the aftermath of a relative’s suicide attempt by providing information and resources. Provides an overview of the emergency department treatment procedure, a list of questions to ask regarding follow-up care, and information on how to limit risk and maintain safety while at home. Family therapy can be beneficial for people who are recovering from mental illness or substance abuse. This course examines the function of family therapy in the treatment of mental illness and substance misuse. A family therapy session is described in detail, along with the people that conduct them. It also includes information on the usefulness of family therapy in the rehabilitation process. Please visit the SAMHSA Store for further resources.
Does Yoga Really Reduce Depression?
Even if you believe that a few minutes of stretching, breathing, and concentrating on your posture cannot possible help your psychological well-being, there is increasing evidence that yoga can be useful in treating depression. Depression is often treated with a mix of psychotherapy and medicine, according to conventional wisdom. However, not everyone reacts favorably to these sorts of scientifically proven therapy. Only one-third of those who try antidepressants find relief within their first few weeks of taking them.
Particularly popular in recent years has been yoga, which has seen a significant growth in popularity over the previous decade.
There have been several research that have discovered that yoga can help to reduce the symptoms of depression.
Yoga, according to the findings of the study, gives instant comfort as well as long-term symptom reduction.
Research on Yoga and Depression
Even if you believe that a few minutes of stretching, breathing, and concentrating on your posture couldn’t possible help your psychological well-being, there is emerging evidence that yoga can be useful in alleviating depressive symptoms. A mix of psychotherapy and medication is often used in traditional depression treatment. Although these forms of evidence-based therapies are effective in some cases, they are not effective in all. Only one-third of those who try antidepressants find relief within their first few weeks of taking it.
Yogic practices have seen a significant surge in popularity during the past decade, particularly in the United States.
Yoga has been shown in several trials to be effective in reducing the symptoms of clinical depression.
Yoga, according to the findings of the study, gives both immediate and long-term symptom alleviation.
- Some studies include people who are depressed but have not been diagnosed with depression
- Others include people who are depressed but have not been diagnosed with depression. The fact that there are so many distinct varieties of yoga makes comparing research much more difficult
- Yoga is likely to have a somewhat distinct effect on each individual demographic
Women and pregnant mothers have been the subjects of certain studies, which have been undertaken on particular groups.
Here’s what research has shown about how yoga can help those who suffer from depression in these specific communities.
yoga can be an effective supplemental treatment for clinical depression or major depressive disorder, according to a research published in the Journal of Psychiatric Practicein 2019. A yoga practice was started by the participants and the quality of their sleep improved dramatically after one month. In contrast to physical tiredness and sadness symptoms, tranquillity and optimism grew during the study. Keep in mind that this was a tiny research with only 30 participants, which should be taken into consideration.
Yoga practiced twice a week for 90 minutes each in one group over three months, while the other performed yoga three times a week for 90 minutes in the other group over the same three months.
Women With Depression
In a 2016 study published in the journalComplementary Therapies in Medicine, researchers looked at how mindfulness-based yoga compares to walking as a treatment for depression as an alternative treatment. There have been several studies that have discovered that physical activities such as walking can help to alleviate depression symptoms. However, when researchers compared the results of two groups of women suffering from depression — one who walked and the other who practiced mindfulness-based yoga — they discovered that the yoga group had much superior results after 12 weeks.
Keeping ruminating to a minimum may be essential in helping women maintain their depression in remission.
Expectant Mothers on Bedrest
Expectant moms who are placed on bedrest owing to high-risk pregnancies are more likely to suffer from depression. Female bedrest stresses include social isolation, a lack of activity, boredom, and physical health difficulties, to name a few. All of these variables can lead to sadness and anxiety in pregnant women. Treatment for depression in this demographic can be challenging, as medication may not be a safe choice for some people. Participating in typical treatment sessions in an office environment is also not likely to be an option in this situation.
As little as three sessions were shown to be effective in lowering anxiety and sadness among high-risk pregnant women on bedrest, according to research published in the journalComplementary Therapies in Clinical Practice in 2019.
Individuals Recovering From Addiction
Individuals who have entered treatment for an alcohol or drug addiction are more likely to experience depression and anxiety than the general population. Yoga appears to be a potential therapy option, according to recent research. Yoga, according to a 2011 study published in the journal Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, was shown to be effective in reducing both anxiety and depression in people who were in a rehabilitation center. Over the course of five weeks, the participants in the research participated in three 60-minute yoga sessions per week.
They advised that yoga be prescribed to those who are recovering from addiction as a supplemental type of treatment that can help medicine and therapy work even better in conjunction with one another.
Talk to Your Physician
Speak with your doctor about if yoga could be an option for you if you are experiencing depression or if your current depression therapy isn’t working as well as you would like it to. Your doctor may be able to assist you in determining which style of yoga is most beneficial for your depression. In addition, your doctor may be able to recommend a suitable yoga instructor or program that will help you manage your symptoms more effectively.
A Word From Verywell
There is still a great deal more study to be done on yoga to identify which varieties of yoga are most effective, how often yoga should be performed, and how yoga may be used to treat specific symptoms of depression, among other things. The data to date, however, indicates that it may be a safe and effective supplementary treatment that is beneficial to your physical, emotional, and spiritual well-being. Don’t undervalue the importance of stretching, breathing, and attaining your full potential.
The good news is that yoga may be able to give you with some instant relief from your discomfort.
How Might Yoga Help Depression? A Neurobiological Perspective
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Yoga for Depression and Anxiety
You are aware that exercise is beneficial to your health, yet sadness and anxiety may sap your vitality and make it difficult to begin moving. Yoga may be a great way to include more activity into your daily routine while also feeling healthier. Generally speaking, the advantages of yoga may include less stress, a decreased heart rate, and a lower blood pressure. Always remember that yoga is not a substitute for other forms of depression or anxiety treatment. Your doctor may recommend it, as well as other forms of exercise, as part of your overall treatment plan, which may include counseling and/or medication.
What the Research Shows
Yoga has been shown to be beneficial for persons suffering from depression, but its effect on people suffering from anxiety disorders is unclear. The results of a systematic analysis revealed that patients suffering from various mental health conditions who engaged in “physically active” yoga for an average of 60 minutes, once or twice a week, over a period of roughly 2.5 months experienced less depression-like symptoms. Physically active yoga methods were defined as those that required participants to move for at least half of the class duration and that emphasized precise bodily postures (asanas), deep breathing (pranayama), and/or awareness (includingmeditation).
How to Get Started With Yoga
You should be able to add mild to moderate activity to your regimen without needing to consult with your doctor if you haven’t been exercising consistently for a time. For women over 50, those with medical conditions, and those who are pregnant, it is recommended that you see your doctor before beginning a new fitness regimen.
The Right Yoga Class for You
Yoga is taught in a variety of methods, so be sure to read the class description before enrolling. Iyengar, Bikram, and Hatha yoga are three major styles of yoga that are distinguished by their emphasis on physical postures, breathing methods, and meditation, respectively. Find a beginners’ class at your local gym, yoga studio, community center, or place of worship to enroll in. You may always ask a teacher if you can attend a class preview to see if it is something you would feel comfortable doing.
- When you enroll in a course, inform the instructor of any concerns or physical limitations you may have.
- According to the researchers, they do not know what the optimal quantity of yoga to practice is, but one hourlong class per week might be a decent starting point.
- According to research, the more yoga sessions you perform each week, the less likely it is that your depression or anxious symptoms will worsen.
- Maintain awareness of how your body and mind are feeling throughout and after a yoga practice.
Yoga may be physically demanding, but it should not be detrimental. In the event that you feel depressed, agitated, or as like you have no energy after a lesson, that form of exercise may not be for you. You may experiment with different styles of classes until you discover one that works for you.
Yoga For Depression : The Benefits Of Yoga In Depression Recovery
- Depression and Yoga Therapy
- Depression and Yoga Therapy
- Depression: A Historical Perspective
- Indications for Using Yoga as an Adjunct Treatment for Depression
Depression is a complicated illness with a significant social impact. It is believed to be caused by a complex combination of genetic, physiological, psychological, and environmental variables, all of which interact with one another. Yoga for depression, as part of a broader therapy strategy, is a comprehensive solution to a complex condition like depression. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), depression will overtake heart disease as the major cause of disability globally by 2030.
Suffocation is an unavoidable aspect of life, and we all experience periods of time during which we find it impossible to take pleasure in our regular routines.
Depression and Yoga Therapy
“If your autonomic nervous system is in harmony, the rest of your brain will function more effectively.” ” Dr. Chris Streeter, an associate professor of psychiatry and neurology at Boston University School of Medicine, discusses the importance of mental health in society. Anyone who has been diagnosed with depression will fulfill diagnostic criteria, and they will have characteristics in common with other people who are suffering from this mental health condition. It is still an intensely personal condition, and yoga may be a component of an individualized treatment plan that takes both the mind and the body into consideration.
- Depression can arise as a result of tough circumstances, or it might develop for no apparent reason at all.
- There are several ways in which symptoms might express themselves; for example, one individual may be afflicted by a draining and constant sensation of despair, while another may suffer emotional numbness and a loss of interest in their surroundings or activities.
- When combined with other treatments, yoga therapy provides patients with an extra treatment option that can be tailored to their specific requirements while also providing them with a tool that they can instantly incorporate into their daily lives.
- According to the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE), between 10 and 30 percent of patients diagnosed with depression are treatment resistant, which is defined as people who have not responded to two separate antidepressant courses.
In these types of situations, yoga therapy can fill the void and give support until a suitable pharmacological treatment can be identified and implemented.
Depression: A Background
Clinical depression manifests itself in a variety of ways, the most common of which are as follows:
- The presence of a persistent low mood and melancholy
- Feelings of hopelessness
- Suicidal ideas and self-harming thoughts Lack of drive, fatigue, and a general lack of interest in one’s own life
- It does not matter whether you gain or lose weight. Loss of enjoyment in activities that were previously liked
- Loss of interest in previously enjoyed activities
It is extremely difficult to describe to individuals who have never experienced severe depression or anxiety the sheer intensity with which it exists on a constant basis. There is no “off” button on this machine. Matt Haig is a New York Times bestselling author. These symptoms frequently manifest themselves in social repercussions for patients, such as the avoidance of social gatherings with friends and family, poor professional performance, and the cessation of participation in hobbies. Depression can sometimes develop as a result of a “downward spiral” of circumstances, in which an initial tragedy sets off a chain of events and feelings that eventually lead to the development of clinical depression.
Sadness can be triggered by a variety of factors, including chronic disease, bereavement, and job loss.
Depression is thought to be caused by a chemical imbalance of key neurotransmitters, which has been theorized but not proven to be the physical cause.
Unlike mild depression, in which doctors may take a “wait and see” approach (and advocate self-help), moderate to severe depression, in which the condition has a major impact on a person’s ability to function, requires antidepressants and talking therapies as the first line of therapy.
Why Use Yoga as a Adjunct Treatment for Depression?
An method that “fits all” treating depression is unlikely to be totally helpful for a considerable number of individuals since depression is such a variable and complicated condition to begin with. People suffering from depression frequently have to evaluate the advantages of antidepressants against their well-documented negative effects. Unfortunately, due to the fact that depression is still not completely understood, there is no ideal remedy at this time. Yoga therapy, when used in conjunction with pharmacological and other therapeutic interventions, can aid patients in symptom management and recovery – and, in the case of moderate depression, it can serve as the primary self-help strategy that keeps their symptoms from developing further.
- They also demonstrate that they are possible for individuals suffering from persistent, treatment-resistant depression.
- People who suffer from depression have higher cortisol levels, which is associated with alterations in the hippocampus, prefrontal cortex, and amygdala in their brains.
- Cortisol, sometimes known as the “stress hormone,” is found in higher concentrations in persons suffering from depression than in those who are not suffering from depression.
- It is believed that the breathing techniques that are a crucial element of yoga elicit the body’s relaxation response, and mindfulness meditation (another aspect of yoga) has also been linked to reduced cortisol levels in research subjects(3), as well as smaller amygdalae in the brain (4).
Depression appears to be associated with decreased levels of particular GABA neurotransmitters, with “growing evidence pointing to a relationship between major depressive disorders (MDDs) and multiple forms of GABAergic impairments,” according to a study published in the journal Psychological Science.
- Another advantage of yoga is that it provides a type of exercise for persons who are suffering from or at risk of developing depression.
- Yoga is a non-judgemental practice that is useful to people of all abilities, regardless of their “skill” level, and yoga classrooms are inviting settings that may foster a feeling of belonging and community among participants.
- Another impediment is the actual experience of depressive symptoms.
- Consequently, it is critical to recommend a yoga intervention at the optimal period, when the practice will aid in recovery(9) and help to prevent a significant flare-up of symptoms.
- Additionally, if you are a health, psychology, or yoga professional, you may look at our future CPD courses to see if there are any opportunities for additional training.
Please visit our Minded Clinic if you are suffering from depression and would want to work with a yoga therapist to alleviate your symptoms.
Yoga can help to treat depression, studies show
In a series of new studies, researchers have discovered that the practice of yoga can help to lessen the symptoms of depression, bringing it one step closer to being a recommended treatment for the illness. In the United States, it is estimated that over 16.1 million individuals have had at least one depressive episode in the previous 12 months, making depression one of the most frequent mental health illnesses in the country. Antidepressants are still the most often prescribed treatment for depression, however they may not be effective in all cases.
- Keeping this in mind, researchers are on the lookout for novel therapies that might be used to supplement current depression therapy options.
- Yoga is a mind-body activity that has witnessed a considerable increase in popularity in recent years.
- According to data from the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, around 13 million individuals in the United States have participated in yoga classes in the last year.
- Back discomfort and stress reduction are among the most frequently claimed benefits of yoga practice, but research is increasingly suggesting that it may also be beneficial in the treatment of depression.
- New research presented over three sessions at the American Psychological Association’s 125th Annual Convention in Washington, D.C.
- Twenty-three male veterans participated in a research done by Lindsey Hopkins, Ph.D., of the San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center in California, and colleagues.
- Researchers discovered that participants who scored highly on a depression measure prior to the 8-week yoga intervention showed a substantial drop in depression ratings following the session.
The researchers at Alliant International University in San Francisco, California, randomized more than half of the participants to twice-weekly sessions of Bikram yoga for a total of eight weeks in another trial of 52 women ranging in age from 25 to 45 years.
It consists of 26 postures that are performed in succession.
The depression levels of both groups were measured at four different periods throughout the trial: at the start of the study, at weeks 3 and 8, and one week after the yoga sessions had ended.
According to the findings of another study presented at the conference, yoga may be good for people suffering from persistent depression, as well as stress and anxiety.
Each participant was needed to participate in a yoga program, which consisted of a 2.5-hour yoga session once a week for nine weeks, in order to be eligible for the research.
When the yoga program was completed, the researchers discovered that levels of despair, anxiety, and stress dropped.
However, while there was no reduction in rumination and concern among the participants throughout the yoga program, there was a drop in these areas four months after the program concluded.
Taking these findings together, the researchers feel that yoga may be a viable therapeutic option for depression, particularly for people who have seen a poor response to conventional treatments.
Yoga, it should be noted, is not a panacea. On the basis of empirical evidence, however, it appears that there is significant potential.” Lindsey Hopkins is a Ph.D. candidate.
Yoga May Help Reduce Symptoms Of Depression And Anxiety
Yoga class with a group of youthful, athletic, and varied folks. Half splits exercise, Ardha Hanumanasana stance, mixed-race female students exercising outside at a club sport or in a yoga studio are just a few examples of what you may expect. The notion of well-being and wellness Getty Despite the fact that yoga was not specifically designed to treat sadness and anxiety, research has indicated that it appears to be effective in this regard for certain people. A new study from researchers at the Boston University School of Medicine, New York Medical College, Harvard and Columbia Universities finds that people who are assigned to take high or low “doses” of yoga that includes breathing exercises have improved mental health at the end of three months, regardless of whether they were assigned to high or low “doses.” The Journal of Psychiatric Practice released the findings of the research this week, which you can read here.
The researchers divided 32 participants with major depressive disorder into two groups: the high-dose group would participate in a 90-minute yoga class that included coherent breathing (a form of slow, controlled breath) three times a week, as well as four 30-minute yoga sessions at home each week; the low-dose group would participate in a 90-minute yoga class that included coherent breathing (a form of slow, controlled breath) once a week.
- The low-dose group was required to participate in two yoga courses as well as three at-home workouts.
- It was Iyengar yoga that was employed in the study, which is a style that emphasizes the correctness of physical alignments.
- This allowed the researchers to track the participants’ mental health over time and see if there was any improvement.
- The majority of the metrics showed improvement in both groups: Over the course of 12 weeks, the participants’ feelings of happiness, tranquillity, anxiety and depression symptoms, physical tiredness, and sleep quality all improved.
For example, author Chris Streeter explained, “Think of it this way: we provide pharmaceuticals in varied amounts so that their effects on the body might be manifested to different degrees in different people.” “We looked at the same notion, but this time we utilized yoga.” This is referred to as a dosage study.
- Furthermore, the sample size (32 individuals) is considered to be insufficiently large.
- According to a study involving 8,000 individuals, each four-hour chunk of weekly exercise lowered the likelihood of experiencing a subsequent depressive episode by 17%.
- The advantages of yoga, on the other hand, do not appear to be limited to the physical components of practice.
- For example, numerous studies have shown that the practice reduces stress, alters reactivity to fear, and even quiets the self-referential centers of the brain, which appear to be particularly active in people who suffer from depression and anxiety disorders.
- This may also explain why yoga and meditation are effective treatments for some mental health conditions.
- “Providing evidence-based data is useful in encouraging more people to try yoga as a technique for improving their health and well-being,” said Marisa M.
Silveri, a co-author of the current study. “These data are essential for complementing research into the underlying neurobiology of yoga, which will aid in the understanding of ‘how’ yoga works.”
Yoga as Depression Treatment
Depression can make it difficult to get your body moving — but there is one healthful activity that may be the most beneficial for you: yoga. The practice of yoga, an ancient Indian form of exercise that incorporates breathing and meditation, has been around for over 5,000 years. Now, experts are trying to figure out why millions of Americans practice yoga to alleviate melancholy, anxiety, and stress. In fact, according to the American Yoga Association, only a few minutes of yoga three times a day can help you to balance your body and mind while also kicking depression to the curb.
Since the 1970s, researchers have been investigating the potential advantages of yoga for depression.
Furthermore, according to the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, there is accumulating evidence to support the following observations:
- Yoga may assist you in learning to better control your stress
- Yoga may have a positive effect on your mood and sense of well-being. Yoga has been shown to have a favorable effect on brain and blood chemistry. Yoga may be beneficial in dealing with anxiety, sleeplessness, and depression.
Identifying the Most Beneficial Type of Yoga for Depression There are many different styles of yoga, and the majority of them incorporate physical postures, breathing exercises, and meditation into their practice. Hatha yoga is the most prevalent style of yoga practiced in the United States; it emphasizes on basic poses that flow from one to another, with time allotted for breathing and meditation in between each position. There are many different styles of hatha yoga to select from, but any of them may be beneficial for people suffering from depression.
- Ananda. This technique places a strong emphasis on meditation. During Ashtanga yoga, you will learn how to focus your energy to different regions of your body. If you are athletic, this kind is the ideal for you. Bikram Yoga is less about meditation and more on strength and endurance
- It is not a form of meditation. This technique is performed in an extremely hot environment. It is intended for those who are capable of enduring a strenuous workout. Another advantage is that it is effective for pain relief
- Iyengar. This is an excellent style to start with. Using props such as chairs or cushions, it is a fantastic alternative for relieving stress
- Kripalu Yoga is one such example. Kundalini yoga is a style of yoga that focuses on flowing movement, concentrated breathing, and meditation
- It is also known as yin yoga. In this approach, chanting, or “mantras,” are used in conjunction with meditation and guided relaxation
- It is known as Viniyoga. If you are over the age of 50 or have a physical impairment, this is a suitable style to consider. Viniyoga is highly personalized and progresses gently via movements that promote balance and healing.
How to Begin Your Yoga Practice Be aware that depression is a severe illness and that yoga is not a substitute for standard depression treatment before beginning a yoga program. Yoga is usually considered safe for physically healthy individuals, but it is always a good idea to notify your health-care professionals when you begin any new practice. Following clearance from your doctor to begin a yoga practice, this is how to get started:
- Make some inquiries about the yoga programs that are offered in your region. Always keep in mind that there are several yoga instructor training programs available, but no formal licensure requirements
- Inquire about prospective instructors’ training and experience. Make it clear to your yoga instructor what you hope to gain from your practice
- Inquire about the sort of yoga and how physically hard it is. To select the style that best suits your requirements and ability, experiment with a few different options.
If you are depressed or have a history of depression, yoga may be able to assist you in better managing your condition. Although yoga cannot replace traditional depression treatment, there is an increasing body of data that suggests that the practice of yoga may aid in the treatment of depression by harnessing the healing power of the mind and the body, according to the National Institute of Mental Health.