I Measured My Brain Performance. Here’s Why You Might Do the Same

Cognitive Health and Older Adults

It is essential to be in good cognitive health in order to carry out daily tasks, such as thinking clearly, learning new things, and remembering them. The state of one’s cognitive health is only one part of one’s entire brain health. Growing evidence from scientific study shows that the measures listed below are associated with good cognitive health. Small adjustments may have a significant impact: Making them a part of your daily routine may improve your ability to operate. According to recent research, a combination of these healthy lifestyle choices may also lower the chance of developing Alzheimer’s disease.

Take Care of Your Physical Health

Taking care of your physical health may have a positive impact on your mental health. You can do the following:

  • Take advantage of suggested health checkups
  • Chronic health conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, depression, and high cholesterol can be managed. Consult your health-care provider about the medications you are taking and any potential negative effects they may have on your memory, sleep, and brain function. Reduce the likelihood of brain damage as a result of falls and other incidents. Limit your intake of alcoholic beverages (since some medications might be hazardous when taken with alcoholic beverages)
  • If you are currently a smoker, you should consider quitting. Avoid using other nicotine-containing products, such as chewing tobacco. Get adequate sleep each night, which is typically seven to eight hours.

Manage High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure may be prevented or controlled, which not only benefits your heart but may also benefit your brain. The results of decades of observational research have demonstrated that having high blood pressure in midlife — between the ages of 40 and early 60 — increases the likelihood of developing cognitive deterioration later in life. As an additional benefit of severe reduction of blood pressure (even below the former usual target of 140/90 for systolic blood pressure), the SPRINT-MINDstudy, a countrywide clinical trial, found that it decreases the incidence of moderate cognitive impairment, which is a risk factor for dementia.

Even if you feel good, regular visits to your doctor will assist detect any changes in your blood pressure that could be occurring.

These precautions can aid in the protection of your brain and heart.

Eat Healthy Foods

The consumption of a nutritious diet can assist to lower the chance of developing several chronic diseases, such as heart disease or diabetes. It may also be beneficial in maintaining brain health. An overall healthy diet consists of fruits and vegetables; whole grains; lean meats, fish, and poultry; and low- or nonfat dairy products, to name a few components. You should also keep solid fats, sugar, and salt to a bare minimum. Make sure to keep portion sizes under control and to drink plenty of water and other drinks.

Those who follow a Mediterranean diet, for example, may be at a decreased risk of acquiring dementia, according to some research.

The average Western diet, on the other hand, frequently raises the risk of cardiovascular disease, which may contribute to quicker brain aging as well.

It is a blend of the Mediterranean and DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diets.

Learn more about Alzheimer’s disease and how to avoid it with food.

Be Physically Active

There are several advantages to being physically active, whether via regular exercise, domestic tasks, or other hobbies. It can assist you in the following ways:

  • Maintain and develop your physical strength. Increase your energy levels
  • Improve your balance
  • Prevent or postpone the onset of heart disease, diabetes, and other health problems. Improve your mood and help you to cope with depression

Studies have found that regular physical exercise offers benefits for the brain and cognition as well, while there has not yet been a significant correlation established between physical activity and Alzheimer’s disease prevention. In one study, exercise increased the ability of the human brain to preserve old network connections while also creating new ones, both of which are critical to cognitive health. According to other research, physical activity increases the growth of a brain region that is critical for memory and learning, resulting in improved spatial memory.

The more time spent engaging in moderate physical activity, the higher the rise in brain glucose metabolism — or how rapidly the brain converts glucose into fuel — which may help to lower the chance of getting Alzheimer’s disease, according to one research.

Walking is an excellent place to begin.

If you haven’t been physically active in a long time and wish to begin an intensive exercise regimen, consult with your doctor first.

Keep Your Mind Active

It is possible that being intellectually engaged is beneficial to the brain. People who participate in personally meaningful activities, such as volunteering or hobbies, report that they are happier and healthier as a result of their participation. Learning new talents may also help you to increase your capacity to think critically. As an example, one study discovered that older persons who learnt quilting or digital photography saw more memory enhancement than those who merely interacted or engaged in less cognitively demanding hobbies.

  1. However, according to a recent, thorough research that reviewed the design and data of these and other studies, there was no compelling evidence that these sorts of activities had a long-term, favorable effect on cognition.
  2. A wide range of activities might help to keep your mind engaged.
  3. Play some games.
  4. Learn a new skill or pursue a new interest.
  5. Even while these forms of cognitively challenging activities have not been shown to be effective in preventing major cognitive decline or Alzheimer’s disease, they may be entertaining!
  6. Some experts believe that engaging in such activities might help to protect the brain by developing a “cognitive reserve”.
  7. Some sorts of cognitive training that are carried out in a research context appear to be beneficial as well.
  8. Participants’ mental skills in the area in which they were trained increased as a result of the sessions, and data suggests that these effects lasted for two years after the sessions ended.
  9. There is presently insufficient data to demonstrate that commercially accessible computer-based brain training software have the same influence on cognitive capacities as the ACTIVE research training.

However, this may change in the future. The National Institutes of Health (NIA) and other organizations are funding research to investigate if various forms of cognitive training have long-term impacts. Participating in Activities You Enjoy is a good place to start for additional information.

Stay Connected with Social Activities

Connecting with other people through social activities and community programs may help to keep your brain busy, as well as make you feel less alone and more connected with the people and things in your environment. Participating in social activities may help to reduce the chance of developing certain health conditions as well as enhance one’s overall well-being. People who participate in individually meaningful and useful activities with others tend to have longer lives, have higher levels of happiness, and have a greater feeling of purpose in their lives.

  • As a result, bring your family and friends along.
  • Participate in a walking group with other senior citizens.
  • There are more and more organizations that meet online as well, giving a convenient method to interact with others who share your interests or to get support from the comfort of your own home.
  • Although some of these have been linked to a lower incidence of cognitive impairment and dementia, others have not been.

Manage Stress

Stress is an unavoidable aspect of everyday living. A brief period of tension might even help us to concentrate our thoughts and push us to take action. Chronic stress, on the other hand, can alter the brain’s structure and function over time, impairing memory and increasing the risk of Alzheimer’s disease and associated dementias. There are a variety of things you can do to assist manage stress and improve your capacity to bounce back from stressful events, including the following:

  • Exercise on a regular basis. It is possible to reclaim one’s sense of well-being by practicing tai chi or taking a stroll, especially in nature
  • Keep a diary to record your thoughts. A written record of your thoughts or anxieties may aid in the release or discovery of fresh solutions to problems. Techniques for relaxation should be tried. Practices such as mindfulness — which includes bringing awareness to the present moment without passing judgment — and breathing exercises might help your body relax and become more comfortable. These can assist in lowering blood pressure, reducing muscular tension, and reducing stress
  • Nevertheless, Maintain an optimistic attitude. Get go of grudges or things that are out of your control, express thanks, or take time to appreciate the little things in life, such as the warmth and beauty of a cup of tea or the splendor of a dawn.

Reduce Risks to Cognitive Health

Cognitive health is assumed to be influenced by a variety of factors, including genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors. It is possible that some of these variables are contributing to a reduction in cognitive abilities and the capacity to execute everyday chores such as driving, paying bills, taking medication, and cooking. Genetic variables are handed on (inherited) from a parent to a kid and are hence uncontrollably influential. Many environmental and lifestyle variables, however, may be modified or controlled to minimize your chance of developing cancer.

  • Physical and mental health issues such as high blood pressure and depression are examples of this. Traumatic brain injuries, such as those caused by falls or automobile accidents
  • Some medications, or the incorrect administration of medications
  • Physical inactivity is a problem. Unhealthy eating habits
  • Tobacco use
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Problems with sleep
  • Isolation and loneliness in social situations

Physical and Mental Health Problems

A wide range of medical diseases have an impact on the brain and constitute a threat to cognitive function. These are some of the conditions:

  • A history of heart disease and high blood pressure can result in a stroke, as well as alterations in blood vessels in the brain, which can result in dementia. Diabetes—disrupts blood vessel function throughout the body, including the brain
  • Raises the risk of stroke and heart attack
  • Increases the chance of Alzheimer’s disease
  • Increases the risk of kidney failure. It is believed that Alzheimer’s disease and associated dementias are caused by a buildup of toxic proteins in the brain as well as other changes that result in memory loss and other cognitive difficulties
  • Stroke—can cause damage to blood arteries in the brain, increasing the likelihood of developing vascular dementia. Depression—which can cause confusion or focus issues and has been related to dementia—can cause confusion or attention problems. When delirium strikes, it manifests as an acute state of confusion, which occurs often throughout a hospital stay and is connected with cognitive deterioration

It is critical to either avoid or seek treatment for certain health conditions as soon as possible.

Both your brain and your body are affected, and having therapy for other disorders may be able to prevent or delay cognitive decline and thinking difficulties.

Brain Injuries

Adults over the age of 65 are at greater risk of falling, being involved in automobile accidents, and being involved in other events that can result in brain damage. Alcohol and certain medications can impair a person’s ability to drive safely, as well as increasing the likelihood of an accident and a brain damage while driving. Learn about the dangers of falling and how to take part in fall prevention initiatives. Wearing helmets and seat belts can also assist to reduce the risk of head injuries.

The ability to overcome this fear can assist you in remaining active, maintaining your physical health, and preventing future falls.

Medicines

Some medications and medication combinations can have an impact on a person’s ability to think and the way their brain functions. Among older persons, some medications, such as diazepam, can produce disorientation, memory loss, hallucinations, and delusions. Food, nutritional supplements, alcohol, and other drugs can all have an impact on how well a medicine works. In certain cases, these interactions can have an impact on how your brain works. The following medications have been shown to impair cognition in older adults:

  • Antihistamines for allergy relief
  • Medications for anxiety and depression
  • Sleep aids
  • Antipsychotics
  • Muscle relaxants
  • Certain medications for urine incontinence
  • And other medications not included here. Cramping medications for the stomach, intestines, and bladder

If you have any concerns that your drugs may be causing cognitive issues, you should consult your doctor. Do not discontinue taking any drugs that you have been prescribed without first consulting with your health-care provider or pharmacist.

Lack of Physical Activity

Lack of exercise and other physical activitymay raise your chance of developing diabetes, heart disease, depression, and stroke – all of which are serious health problems that can affect the brain. Physical activity has been related to increased cognitive function as well as a lower chance of developing Alzheimer’s disease, according to some research. Keep in mind that being physically active has been shown to lessen the risk of high blood pressure, stroke, and depressive symptoms, all of which have been shown to benefit cognitive health.

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Poor Diet

A number of studies have found that eating certain meals can help to keep the brain healthy, while other research have found that eating particular foods might raise the likelihood of developing health problems. As an example, meals heavy in fat and sodium can cause health problems such as heart disease and diabetes, both of which can be detrimental to the brain’s function.

Smoking

Cigarette smoking is damaging to both the body and the brain. It increases the likelihood of having a heart attack, a stroke, or developing lung disease. Quitting smoking at any age can have a positive impact on your health.

Alcohol

Drinking an excessive amount of alcohol has an adverse effect on the brain by delaying or inhibiting communication between brain cells. Slurred speech, foggy memory, sleepiness, and dizziness are all possible side effects. Changes in balance, memory, emotions, coordination, and body temperature are all possible long-term consequences of this condition. Some of these alterations can be reversed by abstaining from alcoholic beverages. People may become more susceptible to the effects of alcohol as they get older.

Alcohol can have a bigger influence on an older person than it can on a younger one when the same amount of alcohol is consumed. Additionally, several medications might be hazardous when used with alcohol. For further information, consult with your doctor or pharmacist.

Sleep Problems

Getting a good night’s sleep is important for maintaining brain function at any age. Memory, concentration, and other cognitive skills can be impaired as a result of sleep issues, which include not getting enough sleep, sleeping badly, and having sleep disorders.

Social Isolation and Loneliness

Social isolation and the sense of being alone may be detrimental to one’s mental health. Studies have found that loneliness raises the risk of dementia, whereas a lack of social interaction lowers the likelihood of having impaired cognitive function. By taking efforts today to lower your chances of developing cognitive decline, you may help to ensure that your cognitive health continues into the future.

For More Information About Cognitive Health

1-800-438-4380 (toll-free) or [email protected] are the contact numbers for the NIA Alzheimer’s and associated Dementias Education and Referral (ADEAR) Center. www.nia.nih.gov/alzheimers The National Institute on Aging ADEAR Center provides information and free print publications about Alzheimer’s disease and associated dementias to families, carers, and health-care providers. ADEAR Center staff members respond to inquiries by telephone, email, and written correspondence and refer them to appropriate local and national resources.

Scientists and other professionals from the National Institutes of Health examine this information to verify that it is correct and up to date.

Mild cognitive impairment – Diagnosis and treatment

In order to confirm a diagnosis of moderate cognitive impairment, no specialized test is available (MCI). Your doctor will determine whether or not MCI is the most likely cause of your symptoms based on the information you provide and the results of several tests that can aid in the diagnosis’s clarification. Many clinicians make the diagnosis of MCI based on the criteria published by an international group of specialists, which are as follows:

  • You are experiencing difficulties with your memory or another mental function. You may be experiencing difficulties with your memory, planning, following directions, or making judgments, among other things. One of your closest friends or family members should validate your own observations. You’ve become worse with time. A thorough medical history indicates that your mental function has deteriorated from a higher level than previously believed. This alteration should be validated by a family member or a close friend
  • Your overall mental function and ability to carry out everyday activities are not impaired. Your medical history indicates that, on the whole, your everyday activities are not significantly hampered, while certain symptoms may cause anxiety and annoyance. Testing of your mental state reveals that you have a low level of impairment in relation to your age and educational level. Doctors frequently use a quick exam to measure mental performance, such as the Short Test of Mental Status (STMS), the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), or the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) (MMSE). More in-depth neuropsychological testing may be necessary to assess the extent of memory impairment, which types of memory are most impacted, and whether other mental abilities are also reduced. It is not dementia that you have been diagnosed with. There isn’t enough evidence to support the diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease or another kind of dementia based on the symptoms you describe and the documentation provided by your doctor through corroborating reports, your medical history, and mental status tests.

Neurological exam

Some simple tests to determine the health of your brain and nervous system may be performed as part of your physical examination by your doctor as part of your physical examination. When used in conjunction with other medical tests, these examinations can aid in the detection of neurological indicators of Parkinson’s disease, stroke, tumors, and other medical problems that can damage your memory in addition to your physical function. The neurological examination may include the following tests:

Lab tests

In order to rule out medical disorders that might impair memory, such as a vitamin B-12 deficiency or an underactive thyroid gland, blood tests should be performed.

Brain imaging

An MRI or CT scan of the brain may be ordered by your doctor to look for signs of a brain tumor, a stroke, or bleeding.

Mental status testing

Assessment for mental state may be completed in less than 10 minutes with short kinds of mental status testing. People are asked to complete a number of particular activities and answer a number of questions during testing, such as naming the date of today or following a printed instruction, among other things. In-depth kinds of neuropsychological testing can reveal extra information about your mental function when compared to the mental function of individuals your age and education level.

It is possible that these tests will also aid in the identification of patterns of change that will provide insights regarding the underlying cause of your symptoms.

Treatment

Currently, no medications or other therapies have been authorized by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) particularly for moderate cognitive impairment (MCI) at this time (FDA). MCI, on the other hand, is a thriving field of investigation. Clinical trials are being conducted to gain a better understanding of the illness and to discover therapies that may alleviate symptoms while also preventing or delaying the progression to dementia.

Alzheimer’s drugs

Cholinesterase inhibitors, a kind of medication licensed for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease, are occasionally used for patients with MCI whose primary symptom is memory loss. Cholinesterase inhibitors, on the other hand, are not suggested for the normal treatment of MCI. They have not been shown to slow the course of dementia, and they can have negative side effects.

Treating reversible causes of MCI: Medications

The usage of some drugs may result in adverse effects that impair cognitive function. It is believed that these negative effects will disappear after the medicine is removed. Discuss any adverse effects with your doctor, and never stop taking your prescriptions unless you have been told to do so by your physician. These drugs are as follows:

  • Anti-anxiety medications such as benzodiazepines, which are also used to treat seizures and sleep disorders
  • Anticholinergics are medications that influence chemicals in the nervous system and are used to treat a wide range of disorders. Antihistamines, which are frequently used to treat allergy symptoms
  • Opioids, which are commonly used to relieve pain
  • A class of drugs known as proton pump inhibitors, which are frequently used to treat reflux or gastroesophageal reflux disease.

Treating reversible causes of MCI: Other conditions

Besides Alzheimer’s disease, there are several other frequent disorders that might cause you to feel forgetful or less cognitively sharp than usual. Treatment for these problems can aid in the improvement of your memory and general mental functioning. Memory problems can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

  • High blood pressure is a medical condition. People who have MCI are more prone than the general population to experience difficulties with the blood vessels in their brains. High blood pressure can exacerbate these issues and make it more difficult to remember things. Your doctor will monitor your blood pressure and, if it becomes too high, will propose methods to bring it down. Depression. When you’re sad, you’re likely to experience forgetfulness and mental “fog.” Depression is frequent among persons who suffer from MCI. Treating depression may help you retain more of your memories while also making it easier to cope with the changes in your life
  • Sleep apnea is another condition that may be treated. As a result of this illness, your breathing stops and begins regularly while you are sleeping, making it difficult to get a decent night’s sleep. Having sleep apnea can make you feel exhausted and forgetful during the day, making it difficult to concentrate. Treatment can alleviate these symptoms and help you regain your alertness.

Clinical trials

Investigate Mayo Clinic research that are attempting to discover novel therapies, interventions, and tests to be used in the prevention, detection, treatment, and management of this illness.

Lifestyle and home remedies

It has been found that nutrition, exercise, and other healthy lifestyle choices can help to prevent or reverse cognitive decline, however the evidence is conflicting. However, these healthy choices help to maintain general health and may even help to maintain excellent brain health in some cases.

  • A regular physical activity regimen has been shown to have positive effects on heart health and may also assist prevent or reduce cognitive deterioration. One more heart-healthy option is a diet low in fat and high in fruits and vegetables
  • This diet may also be beneficial for maintaining cognitive health. Omega-3 fatty acids are also beneficial to the cardiovascular system. When determining how much omega-3 fatty acids are consumed, the majority of studies that suggest a prospective advantage for cognitive health utilize fish intake as a yardstick. It is possible that intellectual stimulation might help to avoid cognitive deterioration. It has been demonstrated in studies that computer use and other intellectual activities such as playing games, reading books, or other intellectual pursuits can assist preserve function and avoid cognitive decline
  • Social involvement may improve the quality of one’s life, aid in the preservation of mental function, and reduce the progression of mental deterioration. Memory training and other forms of cognitive training may be beneficial in improving your performance.

Alternative medicine

There has been some speculation that some nutritional supplements, such as vitamin E and ginkgo, may be able to assist prevent or postpone the advancement of moderate cognitive impairment. In clinical trials, no supplement, on the other hand, has demonstrated any benefit.

Preparing for your appointment

It’s probable that you’ll start by visiting your primary care physician. A specialist with experience in evaluating mental function may be recommended to you if your doctor feels that you are experiencing cognitive changes. A neurologist, a psychiatrist, or a neuropsychologist are examples of specialists in this field. Because visits might be quick and there is frequently a great deal to discuss, it is important to be well prepared. Listed below are some tips to assist you in preparing for your appointment and understanding what to anticipate from your physician.

What you can do

  • Your primary care physician is most likely where you will begin. A specialist with experience in evaluating mental function may be recommended if your doctor feels that you are suffering from cognitive changes. A neurologist, a psychiatrist, or a neuropsychologist are examples of specialists who may be needed. Because consultations might be quick and there is frequently a great deal to discuss, it is important to be well prepared before to your visit. Some recommendations to help you prepare for your appointment and understand what to anticipate from your doctor are provided below.

Questions to ask your doctor

Because you only have a limited amount of time with your doctor, preparing a list of questions can help you make the most of your time together.

In the event that time runs out, make a list of your queries from most urgent to least important. Some questions to ask your doctor about cognitive issues include the following:

  • Is it possible that I have a memory impairment
  • What is causing my difficulties
  • What tests do I need
  • Do I need to visit a specialist? Are there any questions? What is the monetary cost of this? Is it anything that my insurance will cover? Are there any therapies available? Exist any clinical studies of experimental medicines that I should take into consideration? Is it reasonable to predict any long-term consequences? Will my new symptoms have an impact on how I manage my previous health conditions? Will I be required to adhere to any dietary restrictions? Are there any generic alternatives to the medication you’ve prescribed for me
  • What if you don’t have any brochures or other printed materials that I could take with me? What websites do you think are worth seeing
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You should not be afraid to ask your doctor any questions you may have that are not answered by the questions you’ve prepared ahead of time.

What to expect from your doctor

It is also probable that your doctor will have questions for you. Being prepared to react may allow you to devote more time to any themes you choose to discuss in greater depth. Your doctor may inquire as follows:

  • Describe the kind of memory problems you are experiencing. When did they first debut on the scene
  • Are they consistently becoming worse, or do they fluctuate between getting better and going worse? Do you have any feelings that are sadder or more nervous than usual? Is it possible that you’ve observed a shift in the way you react to people or events? Have you noticed any differences in the quality or duration of your sleep? Do you have a snoring problem? Do you have more energy than usual, less energy than normal, or about the same amount of energy as usual? Is it true that you are taking medications? What vitamins or supplements do you take
  • Do you have any allergies? Do you consume alcoholic beverages? What is the amount
  • Is there any other medical issues for which you are getting treated? Has anyone else noticed any trembling or difficulty walking
  • Do you have difficulties remembering your medical appointments or when you should take your medication? Have you lately gotten your hearing and eyesight checked? Is there anyone else in your family who has ever had memory problems? Was anyone ever diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease or another form of dementia?

Tuesday, September 2, 2020

Electroencephalogram (EEG)

On the second of September in the year 2020,

Why might I need an EEG?

The EEG is used to diagnose and assess a variety of different types of brain diseases. Epilepsy is characterized by fast spiking waves on the electroencephalogram (EEG), which indicate seizure activity. Depending on the size and location of the lesion, people who have brain lesions, which can come from tumors or stroke, may have abnormally slow EEG waves, which are exceptionally sluggish for them. Additionally, the test can be used to identify various conditions that affect brain activity, such as Alzheimer’s disease, some psychoses, and a sleep disorder known as narcolepsy, among other things.

Additionally, the EEG may be used to monitor blood flow in the brain when undergoing surgical operations.

What are the risks of an EEG?

The EEG has been in use for many years and is often regarded as a relatively safe treatment. There is no pain associated with the test. The electrodes are used to record electrical activity. They don’t cause any feeling in the body. Aside from that, there is no possibility of receiving an electric shock. If a person has a seizure problem, an EEG may, on rare occasions, produce seizures in that individual. Due to the flashing lights or the heavy breathing that may be required throughout the examination, this is the case.

Depending on your unique medical condition, there may be additional hazards to consider.

It is possible that certain variables or conditions will affect the reading of an EEG test.

  • Hypoglycemia is a state of low blood sugar produced by fasting. During the tests, there may be some movement of the body or the eyes (although this will very rarely, if ever, significantly interfere with the interpretation of the test)
  • Lights, especially those that are brilliant or flashing
  • Medications such as sedatives and tranquilizers
  • The use of caffeinated beverages such as coffee, cola, and tea (although these beverages can rarely affect the EEG readings, this nearly never has a substantial impact on how they are read and understood)
  • Hair that is oily or that has been sprayed with hair spray

How do I get ready for an EEG?

Inquire with your healthcare practitioner about what you should do in the days leading up to your test. A list of common actions that you may be required to complete is provided below.

  • You will be given an explanation of the procedure and will be given the opportunity to ask questions. You will be asked to sign a consent form, indicating that you provide permission for the operation to go place. Take your time reading the form and asking questions if anything is unclear. The night before the test, wash your hair with shampoo, but do not put a conditioner on your hair. Use of hair care products such as hairspray or gels is strictly prohibited. Inform your healthcare physician about all of the medications (prescription and over-the-counter) and herbal supplements that you are currently using. If your healthcare practitioner has instructed you to stop taking medications that may interfere with the test, follow his or her instructions. Notify your healthcare practitioner if you want to discontinue medication use without first discussing with them. For 8 to 12 hours before the test, refrain from ingesting any foods or beverages that contain caffeine. Follow any instructions given to you by your healthcare practitioner for lowering your sleep the night before the examination. Some EEG tests necessitate the use of sleep during the process, whilst others do not require this. Adults may not be permitted to sleep for more than 4 or 5 hours the night before the EEG if the test is to be performed while they are sleeping. During the previous night’s sleep, children should not be permitted to sleep for more than 5 to 7 hours. Fasting should be avoided the night before and the day of the surgery. Low blood sugar levels may have an impact on the outcomes. Depending on your medical condition, your healthcare professional may ask you to make further special preparations.

What happens during an EEG?

An EEG can be performed as an outpatient procedure or as part of a hospital stay, depending on your needs. Procedures may differ based on your medical condition and the procedures of your healthcare practitioner. Consult with your healthcare practitioner about what you might expect to go through throughout your examination. In general, an EEG method follows the steps outlined below:

  1. During the examination, you will be requested to sit or lay down in a reclining chair. An array of 16 to 25 electrodes will be applied to your scalp with a specific paste, or a cap incorporating the electrodes will be utilized. During the test, you will be instructed to close your eyes and relax while remaining motionless. Once the recording begins, you will need to maintain complete stillness during the examination period. The actions of your mouth and eyes, such as swallowing and blinking, may be seen by your healthcare practitioner via a window in an adjoining room in order to detect any errors in the readings. It is possible that the recording will be interrupted frequently to allow you to relax or reposition yourself
  2. After your healthcare practitioner has completed the first recording while you are at rest, he or she may subject you to a series of stimuli in order to induce brain wave activity that does not appear while you are at rest. This is known as a stimulation test. In certain cases, you could be requested to breathe forcefully and rapidly for three minutes, or you might be subjected to a bright flashing light. This examination is typically performed by an EEG technician and can take anywhere from 45 minutes to 2 hours. It is possible that the EEG will be performed while you are asleep if you are being investigated for a sleep issue. If you require continuous EEG monitoring for an extended length of time, you may be admitted to the hospital for prolonged EEG monitoring (24-hour EEG monitoring). The use of an ambulatory EEG may be recommended by your doctor in situations when extended inpatient monitoring cannot be provided.

What happens after an EEG?

After finishing the test, the electrodes will be removed and the electrode paste will be cleansed with warm water, acetone, or witch hazel, depending on your preference. It is possible that you will need to wash your hair again at home in some instances. If you used sedatives to prepare for the exam, you may be obliged to stay in bed until the sedatives wear off completely. You will require the services of a driver to get you home. It is possible that skin irritation or redness can develop at the sites where the electrodes were implanted, but this will subside within a few of hours.

After the test, your healthcare professional will let you know when you can start taking any medications that you had stopped taking before to the test. Depending on your specific scenario, your healthcare professional may provide you with extra or other instructions following the treatment.

Next steps

Before you consent to the test or operation, make certain that you understand the following:

  • The name of the test or process that will be performed
  • You should explain why you are having the test or operation done. What to anticipate in terms of outcomes and what they signify
  • The advantages and disadvantages of the test or process
  • The various adverse effects or issues that might occur. When and when you will be subjected to the examination or treatment
  • Who will do the exam or treatment, and what qualities that individual possesses
  • In the event that the test or procedure isn’t available, what would happen? Consider whether there are any other tests or procedures to consider. When and how will you receive your results are important considerations. If you have any questions or difficulties after the test or operation, you should phone the following number: You should know how much you will be required to pay for the test or operation.

Memory Lapse or Dementia? 5 Clues to Help Tell the Difference

A Healthy Mind and MemoryAging with GraceProtecting Your Memory Dementia Uh-oh. You can’t seem to locate your keys. It appears that you have forgotten the name of your newest neighbor—again. And, more importantly, where precisely did you park your car at the mall? According to Sevil Yasar, M.D., Ph.D., a geriatrician at Johns Hopkins, an occasional memory lapse is typical. However, as you grow older, these “senior moments” may make you wonder if you’re on the verge of developing dementia, which is characterized by a loss of memory and thinking skills severe enough to interfere with one’s ability to live independently and is frequently caused by Alzheimer’s disease or other brain changes.

While we all have moments when a name or the title of a movie comes to the tip of our tongue, these are not the same as the sorts of lapses that may be warning signs of dementia, according to the author.

“However, every time you are concerned about yourself or a loved one, it is worthwhile to consult with your doctor,” Yasar advises.

Consistent alteration in our ability to think and perform is the most crucial thing to look for in this regard.

Are you losing things and just can’t figure out where they went?

  • We’ve all misplaced our belongings. And certainly, if we’re moving too quickly on a hectic morning, we may even put the cornflakes box in the refrigerator to keep it cool. Putting things in the incorrect place is something we all do from time to time, and it is also something we all do from time to time to realize our error or retrace our steps to discover the keys resting on top of today’s stack of mail. Being unable to locate misplaced stuff, placing items in more strange locations, and developing the suspicion—without any evidence—that someone has taken your property are all things that are not good.

Do you get lost in familiar places?

  • It is normal to become disoriented when traveling by car, on foot, or by public transportation to a new location. Getting lost in your journey (or your thoughts) to the point where you have to reorient yourself in order to figure out where you are is also a problem. What isn’t: “Driving or walking for an extended period of time without realizing you’ve lost track of where you are, or completely forgetting where you are, and not asking for help in these situations could be signs of dementia,” Yasar explains. Furthermore, you may lose track of how you arrived at a new location, become easily disoriented in familiar surroundings, or lose the ability to read a map or follow landmarks and traffic signs
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Do you lose track of the time, date or season?

  • Every now and again, we all forget what day of the week it is, but we typically recall or figure it out quite fast after that. What’s worse is forgetting what day it is, what time of day it is, or how much time has passed—and then recognizing that you’ve forgotten. Additionally, unable to recall appointments or even miss them despite having written them down on a calendar and having gotten several reminders from family members and friends. Several of these symptoms, according to Johns Hopkins doctors, might be indicative of dementia.

Are your conversations getting stalled?

  • On occasion, we all need to look for the proper term to express ourselves. The fact that this is happening more frequently as we get older is something Yasar points out. What’s not: great trouble remembering words, calling objects and people by the wrong terms or names and retreating socially as a result. Having increasing difficulty following, participating, or continuing a conversation (you may stop talking in the middle of a thought and have no idea what you were going to say next) or even following the narrative of a television show may also be a warning sign of dementia.

Do memory slipups interfere with daily life?

  1. It’s very common to forget the name of your neighbor’s dog. What isn’t: No longer being able to perform everyday duties in the manner in which you used to, and now need the assistance of family members or professionals. As a consequence, if you were previously meticulous about keeping your bank accounts balanced to the cent and have suddenly lost sight of where your household money is going, bills have gone unpaid and as a result, your energy or phone service has been disconnected. The same may be said if you are feeling confused and overwhelmed when cooking Thanksgiving pumpkin pie with your favorite long-time recipe, or even worse, when you are unable to create Thanksgiving pumpkin pie with your favorite long-time recipe,” Yasar explains. And one of the most serious problems from the perspective of a doctor is the issue of medication management, which includes issues such as forgetting to take pills or taking them wrongly. If you or a loved one is experiencing difficulty with medication management, it’s essential to speak with your doctor about your concerns.

Johns Hopkins Home Care

In your home or in your community, we provide high-quality, tailored care for patients of all ages in the setting that is most comfortable for you. Our services and equipment are designed to assist you in regaining and maintaining a high degree of independence as you age.

Elevate – Brain Training Games – Apps on Google Play

Elevate is a brain training program that is intended to increase attention, speaking skills, processing speed, memory skills, mental math, and other cognitive abilities. Each individual receives a customized training regimen that is adjusted as needed over time to achieve the best possible outcomes. It is proved that the more you train with Elevate, the more you will enhance crucial cognitive abilities, which in turn will increase your productivity, earning capacity, and self-confidence. Increased vocabulary, arithmetic abilities, and overall mental sharpness are reported by 90 percent or more of those who use Elevate on a regular basis.

After you sign up for an account, click on the X in the top left-hand corner to access the free version of the app.

Enhance is described as a “cognitive pick-me-up” that includes games that are “excellent for mental breaks during the workday.” – According to the Washington Post FEATURES40+ Brain-Training Games to Choose From: Forty-plus brain training games can help you improve your cognitive abilities such as attention, memory, processing, numeracy, accuracy, and understanding.

  1. Once a week, you will receive a report that highlights your most significant successes and potential prospects.
  2. Progressive Hardness: Train your brain with workouts that get increasingly difficult as you progress to guarantee that your experience remains demanding.
  3. And even more!
  4. Writing allows you to express yourself more effectively.
  5. Avoid the most typical writing snares.
  6. The ability to read ordinary items more quickly and with more comprehension Increase the number of words in your vocabulary.
  7. It is simple and quick to solve ordinary arithmetic problems using this program.
  8. Confidence should be displayed when speaking.
  9. BEHIND ELEVATE’S BRAIN GAMESElevate’s brain games are developed in partnership with educational specialists and are based on tried-and-true teaching methodologies.

To create a tailored training program for each user, Elevate’s mental exercise algorithms depend on cognitive research in the areas of attention and memory to generate algorithms for each user. Please review our Terms of Service (as well as our Privacy Statement) for further information.

Benefits of Physical Activity

Physical activity on a regular basis is one of the most essential things you can do to improve your health. Physical activity provides health advantages to people of all ages and abilities, regardless of race, ethnicity, physical form, or size. In the event that you’re unsure about becoming more active or increasing your degree of physical activity because you’re concerned about being wounded, the good news is that moderate-intensity aerobic activity, such as brisk walking, is typically considered safe for the majority of people.

If you haven’t been physically active in a long time, you may be wondering how to get back into it.

More information on how to get started with physical activity for a healthy weight may be found here.

Learn more about the Health Benefits of Physical Activity for Adults and Children by visiting the website.

Immediate Benefits

Physical activity has a variety of advantages for brain healthpdf iconexternal icon, some of which occur immediately after a session of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. Improved thinking or cognition in children aged 6 to 13 years, as well as a reduction in short-term emotions of anxiety in adults, are some of the advantages. Regular physical exercise can help you maintain your cognitive, learning, and decision-making abilities as you get older. It can also lower your chances of developing sadness and anxiety, as well as help you sleep better.

Weight Management

Are you trying to achieve or maintain a healthy weight? When it comes to maintaining a healthy body weight, shedding extra fat from the body, or maintaining successful weight reduction, both food and physical exercise are key components. When you consume more calories through food and drink than you burn, including calories burnt through physical exercise, you acquire weight, which is referred to as obesity. It is critical to maintain a healthy calorie balance. When it comes to weight control, the amount of physical activity required varies substantially from person to person.

To keep your weight stable, do the following: Work your way up to 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity each week, gradually increasing your time commitment (for example, 30 minutes a day, 5 days a week).

Nevertheless, because physical activity requirements differ widely from person to person, it is difficult to determine the precise quantity of physical activity required.

If you want to lose weight and keep it off, you’ll need to engage in a lot of physical activity unless you also make changes to your diet and cut back on the number of calories you consume and consume.

Obesity can be achieved and maintained with a combination of regular physical exercise and following a balanced food plan. Visit Healthy Weight for further information on diet, physical exercise, and weight loss.

Reduce Your Health Risk

Heart disease and stroke are two of the most common causes of mortality in the United States of America, respectively. Following the recommendations and engaging in at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise each week can help reduce your chance of developing chronic diseases in the future. Increasing your physical activity can help you minimize your risk even further. Physical activity on a regular basis can also help to decrease your blood pressure and enhance your cholesterol levels.

Type 2 Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome

You can lower your chance of acquiring type 2 diabetes and the metabolic syndrome by engaging in regular physical exercise. Metabolic syndrome is characterized by a combination of factors such as excess body fat around the waist, high blood pressure, low HDL cholesterol, high triglycerides, or high blood sugar. People begin to observe advantages when they engage in physical exercise at levels lower than the recommended 150 minutes per week. Increased levels of physical exercise appear to further reduce the risk of heart disease.

Physical activity on a regular basis can aid in the regulation of your blood glucose levels.

Some Cancers

Being physically active decreases your chance of acquiring a number of malignancies that are widespread in the population. Adults who engage in higher levels of physical activity have lower odds of having malignancies of the cervix, cervix ovary, cervix ovary, cervix ovary, cervix ovary, cervix ovary, cervix ovary, cervix ovary, cervix ovary, cervix ovary, cervix ovary, cervix ovary,

  • Adenocarcinoma of the bladder, breast, colon (proximal and distal), endometrium, esophagus (adenocarcinoma of the esophagus), kidney, lung, and stomach (cardia and noncardia adenocarcinoma of the stomach).

Increase the overall quality of your life. Researchers have discovered that engaging in regular physical exercise after cancer treatment not only helps to enhance your overall quality of life, but it also helps to improve your physical fitness.

Strengthen Your Bones and Muscles

It is critical to safeguard your bones, joints, and muscles as you get older because they support your body and enable you to move. Maintaining the health of your bones, joints, and muscles will assist guarantee that you are able to carry out your everyday tasks and engage in physical activity. The moderate intensity of physical activity that includes aerobic, muscle-strengthening, and bone-strengthening activities has been shown to reduce the loss of bone density that occurs as a result of advancing age.

  • People who engage in physical activity have a decreased risk of hip fracture than those who do not.
  • When it comes to preventing falls and fall-related injuries, physical activity programs that incorporate more than one form of physical exercise are the most effective.
  • Exercises that include weight bearing, such as jogging, brisk walking, jumping jacks, and strength training put a strain on the bones.
  • Physical activity is beneficial in the treatment of arthritis and other rheumatic disorders that affect the joints.
  • This improves one’s overall quality of life.
  • Lifting weights and engaging in other muscle-strengthening exercises can assist you in increasing or maintaining your muscular mass and strength.

No matter your age, gradually increasing the amount of weight you use and the number of repetitions you perform as part of your muscle building exercises can provide you with even more benefits.

Improve Your Ability to do Daily Activities and Prevent Falls

When you are unable to perform ordinary activities such as climbing stairs, grocery shopping, or playing with your grandkids, you are said to have a functional constraint. What is the relationship between this and physical activity? You have a decreased chance of functional limits if you are a physically active middle-aged or older adult, compared to persons who are not physically active. Improve physical function while also lowering the chance of falling. Multicomponent physical exercise is crucial for older persons because it helps to enhance physical function while also lowering the chance of falling and sustaining an injury as a result of a fall.

As part of a structured program, multicomponent physical exercise can be performed at home or in a communal environment.

Increase Your Chances of Living Longer

Physical exercise, according to scientific evidence, can lower your chance of dying prematurely from main causes of mortality, such as heart disease and some malignancies. This is notable in two ways: first, it is the first time that this has happened.

  1. Physical exercise is one of the few lifestyle decisions that has such a significant influence on your health. When compared to those who do not engage in any physical activity at all, those who engage in physical activity for approximately 150 minutes per week have a 33 percent lower risk of all-cause mortality. It is not necessary to engage in large amounts of activity or vigorous-intensity exercise to reduce your risk of premature death. The benefits of moderate- or vigorous-intensity physical activity begin to accrue after just a few minutes of exertion.

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